osteoporosis and bone density


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Osteoporosis and Bone Density

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Below this article is a article on Bone Density

I am writing this because my mom has it bad and I have the beginning signs of it per my bone scan and many others I know have it.

I am also writing this so I can look back on it and remind myself of what I need to do to prevent or help the bone loss.

This is what I found my book "Prescription for Nutritional Healing".

Bone mass - The amount of mineral in the bone - generally reaches its peak when a woman is between the ages of thirty and thirty five. After that, it then begins to decline. Between the ages of fifty five and seventy, women typically experience a 30 - 40 percent bone loss.

While calcium supplementation is important in dealing with Osteoporosis, there are other considerations as well. Vitamins C, D, E and K all play vital roles in battling osteoporosis, as does protein. Regulating the amount of certain minerals, such as magnesium, phosphorus, silicon, boron, zinc, maganese and copper in the body are also important in maintaining proper calcium levels. Exercise is another vital factor.

A diet high in animal protein, salt and sugar causes the body to excrete increased amounts of calcium.

Too much magnesium and/or phosphorus (found in most sodas and many processed food products) can inhibit the body from absorbing calcium properly.

When the body gets regular weight bearing exercise (such as walking), the body responds by depositing more minerals in the bones.

A lack of exercise (like us computer junkies) accelerates the loss of bone mass.

Women who are vegetarians experience significantly less bone loss.

Caffeine has been linked to calcium loss.

This was found in Dr. Whitakers newsletter of Oct.98

Some loss of bone density is a normal, tolerable part of aging, but problems arise when other factors speed mineral loss from the bones or impede natural bone repair and rebuilding. These include nutritional deficiencies, inadequate exercise, hormonal and dietary factors, drugs ( steroids, antacids, anticovulsants and thyroid drugs), and diseases of the thyroid, kidney, liver or pancreas. Although some of these factors are beyond your control, there are measures you can take to strengthen your bones and avoid becoming another osteoporosis statistic.

It's never to late to exercise. Weight bearing exercise to build up bone mass. Walking is one. (I will start this immediately and do it daily) And working out with light weights.(three times a week or more is recommended)

Eat less protein
This generally means cutting down on milk and meat and eating more fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

Some plant foods, especially leafy green vegetables, beans, broccoli, sesame seeds, chestnuts, oats and tofu, clams, flounder, hazelnuts, kale, kelp, molasses, oysters, salmon, sardines (with bones), sea vegetables, shrimp, soy beans, wheat germ are rich sources of calcium and vitamin D.

Limit your intake of almonds, asparagus, beef greens, cashew, chard, rhubarb and spinach. These foods are high in oxalic acid, which inhibits calcium absorption.

Limit your intake of citrus fruits and tomatoes: these foods may inhibit calcium intake. (YIKES)

If you take thyroid hormone (like me) or an anticoagulant drug, increase the amount of calcium you take by 25- 50 %.

Osteoporosis is associated with deficiencies in a number of vital vitamins and mineral, and the most reliable way to ensure an adequate supply is with supplementation.

Here's an overview of the most important nutrients for fighting osteoporosis.

Calcium (1000mg to 1500mg) along with other minerals, gives bone it strength. Some best absorbed types of supplemental calcium are calcium citrate, ascobate, gluconate, and malate. (I take Calcium Carbonate as recommended by Dr. Love - with meals)
For proper absorption and metabolism, calcium should be balanced with......
Magesium (500 to 750mg) in a 2:1 ratio. (Hmmm I am assuming if your calcium is 600mg you should also be taking 300mg of Magnesium with it)
Zinc 30mg
Copper 3 mg
are essential for the formation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. (what ever that is)
Boron 3 mg
Is required for the metabolism of calcium and magnesium and also raises estrogen levels in postmenopausal women, which is beneficial for bone remodeling.

Manganese 10mg
Silica 20mg
Strontium 500mcg
all play a crucial role in bone mineralization.

Vitamin C 2,500mg (wow! I guess I am not taking enough of C) is necessary for collagen synthesis, a factor in healthy bones.

Folic Acid 400mcg
Vitamin B6 50mg
Vitamin K 300mcg
helps attract calcium to bone tissues.

Another supplement that was mentioned is called ipriflavone which has a potentially enormous role in preventing and treating osteoporosis. Many studies has shown it as effective as estrogen at preventing bone loss. ( I am not familiar with this supplement)

Two drugs were mentioned Calcitonin (Miacalin) by injection or nasal spray, hasn't been proven to reduce the risk of fractures. Alendronate (Fosamax), was shown in a 1998 study to prevent bone loss to the same degree as estrogen.

DHEA and human growth hormone, natural progesterone, testosterone all hormone replacement therapies were mentioned as in his opion superior to drugs.

In Dr. Whitakers 01/2000 newsletter.... He hints that Vitamin D deficiency can be a cause of osteoporosis and recommends 20 minutes of unfiltered sun 3 times a week (year round) and/or supplement with 800 - 100 IU of Vitamin D a day.

So that is my research. Use it as you may......... I will refer back to it from time to time to remind myself what I am supposed to be doing.

Time to get off of the computer now and go exercise!
I will add more notes as I find them.

Trish K,

Bone Density

Once bone density is lost, it is difficult if not impossible to restore.

SPEAKING AT a symposium at Stanford University in Stanford, Calif., held in conjunction with the national conference on advances in perinatal and pediatric nutrition, which ended on Wednesday, Dr. Laura Bachrach said that prevention of the bone-thinning disease osteoporosis "must begin from the first day of life." "We know that peak bone mass is gained between the ages of 20 and 30 and that this serves as a bone bank for the remainder of your life. The larger the bone bank account, the longer you can withstand withdrawals before you get into trouble," said Bachrach, who is a professor of pediatric endocrinology at Stanford University.

SEVERAL RISK GROUPS According to the Washington, D.C.-based National Osteoporosis Foundation, one in two women and one in eight men older than 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture in their lifetime. Common sites for osteoporosis fractures are the hip, spine, wrist and ribs. One in four hip-fracture patients older than 50 die within one year of diagnosis.

Teens at high risk of osteopenia, a precursor of osteoporosis, include girls who exercise too rigorously, a factor that can cause a decline in the production of estrogen, a hormone implicated in healthy bones. Other high-risk youngsters include anorexics, whose low-calorie intake weakens bones, and asthmatics treated with steroids, a class of drugs that can interfere with the production of a key bone matrix protein.

While osteoporosis is marked by thin, fragile bones that can easily fracture, people diagnosed with osteopenia typically have no history of fracture despite reduced-bone density.

LIFESTYLE FACTORS Although 60 to 80 percent of an individual's susceptibility to osteoporosis is genetic, Bachrach believes it's important that physicians focus on the 20 to 40 percent factor that is lifestyle-related. For teens, "deposits" in the bone bank should be made by consuming a calcium quota of 1,200 to 1,500 milligrams per day, the equivalent of four to five glasses of milk, said Bachrach. Consuming food and beverages with a high salt content increases the amount of calcium lost in urine and stools. A teen who eats a ham sandwich and pickle, for example, would need to drink an additional glass of milk to compensate for calcium loss.

Weight-bearing exercise also strengthens bones, but it's important to differentiate between activities like swimming that benefit cardiovascular health and those that maximize bone acquisition. Running, jumping and gymnastics are optimal exercises for bone health, said Bachrach.

Once bone density is lost, it is difficult if not impossible to restore. In a study published last year in the European Journal of Endocrinology, Japanese researchers led by Dr. Mari Hotta of the Tokyo Women's Medical College found that anorexics who gained weight did not experience a parallel increase in bone density.

Other studies have found that prescribing estrogen to athletes and anorexics with estrogen-deficiency had little or no effect on reversing osteopenia.

Trish K,